Colonel Chase's lone-star flag:
Mid-January 1861, Colonel William H. Chase, commander of Florida troops in Pensacola - loyal to the South - raised this lone star emblem as the state's provisional military flag. Colonel Chase's soldiers seized the federal Navy yard in Pensacola during the crisis, prior to the outbreak of the Civil War. Note: Same design of the Navy of the Republic of Texas from 1836 to 1845.
2nd Confederate States of America The Stainless Banner". Adopted May 1, 1863. Design A white rectangle two times as wide as it is tall, a red quadrilateral in the canton, inside the canton is a blue saltire with white outlining, with thirteen white five-pointed stars inside the saltire. Designed by William Tappan Thompson.
1st Confederate States of America "The Stars and Bars". Adopted March 4, 1861 (first 7-star version) November 28, 1861 (final 13-star version). Design: Three horizontal stripes of equal height, alternating red and white, with a blue quadrilateral in the canton, inside the canton are white five-pointed stars arranged in a circle and pointing outward. Designed by Nicola Marschal.
On April 9, 1865, the four year war between the States came to an end.
The cause and effect resulted in the death of two percent of our American population - more than 620,000 people died. It was a decisive Union victory. The Union States and Confederate States battlefield commanders agreed - it's over!
The Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia was abandoned. One of the last battles of our American Civil War was on the morning of April 9, 1865 at Appomattox Court House, Virginia. That was the final surge of our Confederate States Army. Later that day General Robert E. Lee surrendered to the Union Army - Lt. General Ulysses S. Grant. The documents were signed in the parlor of the house owned by Wilmer McLean. On April 12th a formal ceremony was conducted to end the war in Virginia and commence a series of surrenders in the South... two days later President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated.
By May 24, 1865 President Andrew Johnson proclaimed martial law in Florida. Towns and villages across the south were "occupied" by Union Forces; 1865-67 was a period of confusion and uncertainty. Clay County was only six years old, after the war we were ready to get organized. We did not have a harsh record of violence and lawlessness, as did other parts of the panhandle.
Clay County leaders such a Ozias Buddington, John W. Sullivan, Barney McRae, Eljah Blitch, T.J. Hendrick, William Wilson, Benjamin Frisbee, and Elam J. Daniels worked to restore order and civility.
LEST-WE-FORGET: We'll never know our total cost (local casualty count). Many who fought and served were not documented. However, we do not forget and we continue to research our heritage. Our documented CLAY COUNTY - Confederate States Army Civil War casualties were in Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Pennsylvania and Virginia.
First Florida Cavalry, Company C.
Braxton Bennett: Age 23, Private, Died of pneumonia 11/23/63
Elisha W Carter: Age 30, Killed 11/25/1863.
John W Clarke: Age unknown, Died of disease 6/2/1862.
Henry E Dickerson: Age 23, Died of disease 10/30/1863.
Claiborn Gnann: Age 20, Captured (POW), Paroled, Died 4/4/1863.
Henry Knowles: Age 20, Died of disease 12/29/1862
Joseph Lang: Age 23, Died of disease 4 /28/1863.
John (E) Peacock: Age 22, Captured (POW Alton, IL), Paroled Died 7/2/1864.
David Roberts: Age 20, Killed 6/20/1864.
Second Infantry, Company H (St. Augustine Rifles)
Charles Seton Fleming: Age 24, Captured (POW), Exchanged, Killed 6/3/1864.
To commemorate this occasion during April 2015 thousands of people visited Appomattox Court House, Virginia. Here in Clay County, Florida we commemorate the event April 2nd - 12th. The Clay County Traveling Parade of Flags was on display (24/7) at AA Propane 1306 Idlewild (16W) Green Cove Springs.
Please plan to visit - our duty is to remember.
Art Yeaman, 904-449-4607
Heritage Guides, Team Leader
150 Years ago: IT'S OVER (Battle of Appomattox Court House)
Your Key to Applied Heritage:
Showcasing our Clay County, our St Johns River, our Florida, and our American Heritage --- One-Tribute-At-A-Time
1861 pattern Florida state flag: Early in 1861 legislators passed an act directing Governor Madison S. Perry to adopt "an appropriate device for a State flag which shall be distinctive in character." September 13, 1861, the governor reported that the new state flag had been deposited in his office, and the secretary of state recorded a description of Florida's first official state flag. Whether the flag was ever raised over the capitol or on the battlefield is unknown. This illustration is based on the written description.
3rd Confederate States of America "The Blood-Stained Banner". Adopted March 4, 1865. Design: A white rectangle, three to two times as wide as it is tall a red vertical stipe on the far right of the rectangle, a red quadrilateral in the canton, inside the canton is a blue saltire with white outlining, with thirteen white five-pointed stars inside the saltire. Designed by Arthur L. Rogers.